Gonorrhea Also, referred to as the “clap” or “drip, ” gonorrhea is a contagious disease transmitted usually through sexual contact with an infected person. Gonorrhea can also be spread by contact with infected body liquids so that a mother could pass on the infection to her newborn during childbirth. Both men and women can get gonorrhea. The infection is easily spread and occurs most often in people who have many sex partners.
What Causes Gonorrhea?
Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a bacterium that can grow and increase easily in mucus walls of the body. Gonorrhea bacteria can grow in the warm, moist areas of the reproductive area, including the cervix (opening to the womb), womb (womb), and fallopian pipes (egg canals) in women, and in the harnröhre (the tube that holds urine from the urinary to outside the body) in women and men. The bacteria can also grow in the mouth area, throat, and anus.
Just how is gonorrhea spread?
You can get gonorrhea by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with somebody who has gonorrhea. A pregnant girl with gonorrhea can give chlamydia to her baby during childbirth.
How can I reduce my probability of getting gonorrhea?
The only way to avoid STDs is never to have vaginal, anal, or common sex.
If you are sexually active, you can do the following circumstances to lower your chances of getting gonorrhea:
- Being in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with the help of a partner who has been tested and has negative STD test results;
- Using latex condoms, the right way each and every time you have sex.
How Can I Know If My spouse and I Have Gonorrhea?
Not all people infected with gonorrhea have symptoms, so knowing when to seek treatment can be tricky. The moment symptoms do occur, they are often within two to 10 days after exposure, nevertheless, they can take up to thirty times to develop and include the following:
Gonorrhea symptoms in women
- Greenish green or whitish discharge from the vagina
- Reduced belly or pelvic pain
- Burning up when urinating
- Conjunctivitis (red, itchy eyes)
- Bleeding between periods
- Spotting after sex
- Swelling of the vulva (vulvitis)
- Burning in the throat (due to mouth sex)
- Swollen glands in the throat (due to oral sex)
- In a few women, symptoms are so slight that they go undetected.
A lot of women with gonorrhea think they have a yeast infection and self-treat with over-the-counter yeast disease drug. Because vaginal release can be a signal of a few different problems, it is best to always seek the advice of a doctor to ensure proper prognosis and treatment.
Gonorrhea symptoms in men
- Greenish discolored or whitish discharge from the penis
- Burning when peeing
- Burning in the throat (due to common sex)
- Painful or enlarged testicles
- Swollen glands in the throat (due to oral sex)
In men, symptoms usually appear two to 14 days after infection.
Am I at risk for gonorrhea?
Any sexually active person can get gonorrhea through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
If you are sexually active, have an honest and open talk with your health care provider and ask whether you should be tested for gonorrhea or other STDs. If you are a sexually active man who is gay, bisexual, or who has sex with men, you should be tested for gonorrhea every year. If you are a sexually active woman younger than 25 years or an older woman with risk factors such as new or multiple sex partners, or a sex partner who has a sexually transmitted infection, you should be tested for gonorrhea every year.
I’m pregnant. How does gonorrhea affect my baby?
In the event that you are pregnant and possess gonorrhea, you can give chlamydia to your baby during delivery. This can cause serious health conditions for your baby. If you are pregnant, it is important that you speak to your physician so that you get the correct examination, testing, and treatment, as required. Treating gonorrhea as soon as possible will make health complications for your baby less likely.
How will my Doctor know if I have gonorrhea?
Most of the time, urine can be used to test for gonorrhea. However, if you have had oral and anal sex, swabs are often used to accumulate samples from your throat and/or rectum. In some instances, a swab may be used to accumulate a sample from a man’s urethra (urine canal) or a woman’s cervix (opening to the womb).
Can gonorrhea be cured?
Certainly, gonorrhea can be treated with the right treatment. It is important that you take all of the medication a medical expert prescribes to cure your disease. Medication for gonorrhea should not be shared with anyone. Although medication will stop the infection, you will not regret to undo any everlasting harm caused by the disease.
It is becoming harder to treat some gonorrhea, as drug-resistant strains of gonorrhea are increasing. If your symptoms continue for more than a few days after receiving treatment, you should return to a health care provider to be checked again.
I was treated for gonorrhea. When can I actually have sex again?
You should wait seven days and nights after finishing all medications before having sex. In order to avoid getting infected with gonorrhea or spreading gonorrhea to your partner(s), both you and your sex partner(s) should avoid having sex until you have each completed treatment. If you might have had gonorrhea and took remedies during the past, you can still get infected again if you have unprotected sex with an individual who has gonorrhea.